Types of Golf Clubs
There is a wide variety of golf clubs on the market, classified into several categories depending on the type of swing that they will be used for. Woods, irons, hybrids, wedges or putter are the types of clubs that every good golfer should carry in his bag. Although the names may be misleading, in reality they are all composed of steel or titanium, and simply retained the name of the material with which they were formerly being manufactured with.
In any case, regardless of the category to which they belong to, all the clubs are formed by the same components. In all of them there is a rod that forms the body of the club, with a handle or grip – in one of its ends, and a head in the other, which is used to hit the ball.
All the clubs in each category are numbered according to the angle of the head. As a general rule, the larger the number the more tilt, and smaller will be the distance that the ball will travel in the hit. So you have to choose very carefully what kind of club and what numbering is chosen in each swing, since each one of the clubs is used in different circumstances and type of swing.
Although the differences between the categories are few, it is necessary to know in which cases each one of them are used to be able to always choose the appropriate club:
- Woods: The more power and distance is reached with the wood or drivers, therefore they are used in the longer swings. Usually 3 types of woods are carried in the golf bag, normally numbers 1, 2 and 5.
- Irons: The irons are used above all for intermediate or approximation swings, and normally about 9 or 10 sticks of this type are carried in a bag.
- Hybrids: Between the woods and the irons we also find hybrids, some intermediate clubs that have the best of both types: the power of the wood and the precision of the iron. For this reason, there are many professionals who are increasingly using this type of clubs in the professional circuits.
- Wedges: the clubs that have a greater inclination are called wedges. Within this category there are several types depending on the number of degrees of tilt of the head, which are used as desired to save a sand bunker, make the ball stop rolling, etc. Within the wedges we find:
. Pitching wedge, with an inclination of 45° to 48 °.
. Gap wedge with an inclination of 52 °.
. Sand wedge with an inclination of 56 °.
. Lob wedge with an inclination of 60 °.
- Putter: También encontramos un último tipo de palo denominado putter, que se utiliza para empujar –o embocar- la bola dentro del green para el golpe final.
Although the classification of the clubs is quite simple, what is more complicated and difficult is knowing how to take advantage of the characteristics of each club and get the most out of each one of them. It can be said that the basic kit for every golfer would consist of a wood 1, 2 and 5, an iron 3 or 9, a pitching wedge, a sand wedge and a putter, although the rules allow you to carry up to 14 clubs.